What Are the Different Types of Pitches in Baseball?

If you are a loyal fan of baseball, you know that there are many different styles of pitches. Knowing the different pitches styles and their movements gives the batter a much better edge. If you are not a professional baseball player, you should expand your knowledge of your favorite sport via this article.

What are the different types of pitches in baseball?

Regularly, just by tracking the following factors, you can identify a pitch:

  • Speed
  • Motion – the general trajectory of the ball
  • Break – a sudden change in trajectory

How to identify types of pitches in baseball and know what each pitch does

Learning to identify the types of pitches in baseball is not easy. However, this is also sometimes underestimated. However, when it was possible, to identify types of pitches, batters were able to hit more accurate shots.

Spin, speed, and position are other important factors for identifying pitch types. It’s one of the most common features used to help you identify types of pitches in baseball, and know what each pitch does.

In the rest of the article, we will learn about some of the most common pitch types you will see during a baseball game.


The most common types of pitches

The ultimate goal of the pitcher is to throw the ball so that the opponent’s batter cannot hit it and the catcher can catch it. Therefore, the pitcher must be very skilled and must work well with the catcher.

4-Seam Fastball (85-100 mph)

4-Seam Fastball is considered to be the most difficult pitch of the fastball types. This pitch allows the baseball to fly at high speed in a straight line.

When it comes to this technique, there is no denying that Justin Verlander is one of the best.

4-Seam Fastball

4-Seam Fastball

2-Seam Fastball (80-90 mph)

This is a fastball pitch that is 5-10 mph slower than the 4-Seam Fastball. With this type of pitch, the trajectory of the ball is very unpredictable.

2-Seam Fastball is commonly performed by Pedro Martinez, Marcus Stroman & Max Scherzer.

2-Seam Fastball

2-Seam Fastball

Split finger (80-90 mph)

In fact, “Splitter” stands for “split-fingered fastball”. The pitcher can pitch harder or softer so that he can easily control the ball.

To create a perfect Split pitch, the pitcher must pitch the ball so that when the ball comes close to Catcher’s position, it suddenly changes the direction of motion in the downward direction.

Split-finger makes the ball faster than the Slider but 5-10 mph slower than the 4-Seam Fastball.

Cutter (85-95 mph)

This way of pitching the ball makes the ball fly with quite high speed and spin. Cutter is considered a mix of slider and fastball.

Cutter is commonly performed by Mariano Rivera.

Slider (80-90 mph)

Slider is a type of pitch that is almost like a Cutter, but the ball’s speed will be lower. The fact shows that this pitch causes the ball to fly about 10 mph slower than the 4-Seam Fastball.

Slider is commonly performed by Randy Johnson, Dennis Eckersley.



Change (70-85 mph)

This pitch is also known as Changeup. This technique is considered to produce a ball with spin similar to a fastball

With this pitch, the ball will fly at a slow speed to fool Batter. This pitcher causes the ball to not fly too fast. Because he thinks that it is harder, it is easy for the batter to hit the shot too soon

The changeup is commonly performed by  Kyle Hendricks, Cole Hamels & Jamie Moyer.

Curveball (70-80 mph)

Curveball is considered a lighter shade than other pitches. In fact, curveballs are usually at least 15 mph slower than the fastball. The thrower will occasionally throw it harder, though still not as hard as the slider.

Many baseball fans consider Curveball to be the most aesthetically pleasing type of pitch.

Curveball is commonly performed by Barry Zito, Doug Drabek & Tim Lincecum.




Knuckleball is usually performed very slowly. In addition, this technique is frequently used by most pitchers.

There’s no denying that knuckleball will make the ball have an unpredictable trajectory.


Hopefully, thanks to this article, you have understood how to identify types of pitches in baseball and know what each pitch does. Even if you’re not a professional baseball player, getting to know your favorite sport better makes you love it even more, right?

Further reading

Identifying pitch types: A fan’s guide